Pilot sites

Bretagne region

Brittany Region: Brittany, in western France, is home to 3.3 million people spread across four administrative zones: Ille et Vilaine, Côtes d’Armor, Finistère, and Morbihan. Climate change impacts are evident, with rising temperatures since 1959 and concerns about water management due to eutrophication issues. Green algae blooms in 2013 and increasing drought risks highlight the region’s vulnerabilities. Coastal dynamics and storm threats pose additional challenges, especially with a potential sea level rise of 1 meter.


The Azores, an autonomous region of Portugal, consists of nine islands in the North Atlantic. With a population of 242,497, the archipelago relies on agriculture, fishing, and tourism. Climate change brings rising temperatures, sea levels, and ocean acidification, threatening coastal livelihoods. Erosion, marine pollution, and marine litter exacerbate challenges, demanding proactive measures for sustainability.

Malaga City

Malaga, Spain’s port city, faces environmental risks from climate change and urban development. Rising temperatures, sea levels, erosion, and pollution impact coastal areas and tourism. Sustainable practices and collaborative efforts are crucial for addressing these challenges and building resilience.

Crete region

Crete, Greece’s largest island, grapples with the impacts of climate change on its coastal and marine environments. With a coastline of 1,300 km, the region faces tourism pressures and threats like erosion and pollution. Sustainable strategies are essential for managing these challenges and ensuring a resilient future.

Greek islands

The Greek islands confront climate change impacts, including beach erosion and rising sea levels. The General Secretariat for the Aegean and Island Policy works on sustainable development plans for these vulnerable areas, utilizing initiatives like OCEANIDS to mitigate risks.

Coastal Finland

Coastal Finland, with its extensive sea area and bustling ports, deals with challenges like eutrophication and changing maritime routes due to climate change. Ports like Helsinki, Rauma, and Raahe play vital roles in maritime logistics, requiring adaptation measures for a sustainable future.

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